Nethermind is a flagship Ethereum client all about performance and flexibility. Built on .NET core, a widespread, enterprise-friendly platform, Nethermind makes integration with existing infrastructures simple, without losing sight of stability, reliability, data integrity, and security.

1. Initial configuration

Create a service user for the execution service, create data directory and assign ownership.

sudo adduser --system --no-create-home --group execution
sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/nethermind
sudo chown -R execution:execution /var/lib/nethermind

Install dependencies.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install ccze curl libsnappy-dev libc6-dev jq libc6 unzip -y

2. Install Binaries

  • Downloading binaries is often faster and more convenient.

  • Building from source code can offer better compatibility and is more aligned with the spirit of FOSS (free open source software).

Option 1 - Download binaries

Run the following to automatically download the latest linux release, un-zip and cleanup.

BINARIES_URL="$(curl -s $RELEASE_URL | jq -r ".assets[] | select(.name) | .browser_download_url" | grep linux-x64)"

echo Downloading URL: $BINARIES_URL

cd $HOME
unzip -o -d $HOME/nethermind

Install the binaries.

sudo mv $HOME/nethermind /usr/local/bin/nethermind
Option 2 - Build from source code

Install .NET SDK build dependencies.

# Get Ubuntu version
declare repo_version=$(if command -v lsb_release &> /dev/null; then lsb_release -r -s; else grep -oP '(?<=^VERSION_ID=).+' /etc/os-release | tr -d '"'; fi)

# Download Microsoft signing key and repository
wget$repo_version/packages-microsoft-prod.deb -O packages-microsoft-prod.deb

# Install Microsoft signing key and repository
sudo dpkg -i packages-microsoft-prod.deb

# Clean up
rm packages-microsoft-prod.deb

# Update packages
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y dotnet-sdk-8.0

Build the binaries.

mkdir -p ~/git
cd ~/git
# Clone the repo
git clone
cd nethermind
# Get new tags
git fetch --tags
# Get latest tag name
latestTag=$(git describe --tags `git rev-list --tags --max-count=1`)
# Checkout latest tag
git checkout $latestTag
# Build
dotnet publish src/Nethermind/Nethermind.Runner -c release -o nethermind

Verify Nethermind was properly built by checking the version.

./nethermind/nethermind --version

Sample output of a compatible version.

Version: 1.25.2+78c7bf5f
Commit: 78c7bf5f2c0819f23e248ee6d108c17cd053ffd3
Build Date: 2024-01-23 06:34:53Z
OS: Linux x64
Runtime: .NET 8.0.1

Install the binaries.

sudo mv $HOME/git/nethermind/nethermind /usr/local/bin

3. Setup and configure systemd

Create a systemd unit file to define your execution.service configuration.

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/execution.service

Paste the following configuration into the file.

Description=Nethermind Execution Layer Client service for Holesky

ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/nethermind/nethermind \
  --config holesky \
  --datadir="/var/lib/nethermind" \
  --Network.DiscoveryPort 30303 \
  --Network.P2PPort 30303 \
  --Network.MaxActivePeers 50 \
  --JsonRpc.Port 8545 \
  --JsonRpc.EnginePort 8551 \
  --Metrics.Enabled true \
  --Metrics.ExposePort 6060 \
  --JsonRpc.JwtSecretFile /secrets/jwtsecret

To exit and save, press Ctrl + X, then Y, then Enter.

Run the following to enable auto-start at boot time.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable execution

Finally, start your execution layer client and check it's status.

sudo systemctl start execution
sudo systemctl status execution

Press Ctrl + C to exit the status.

4. Helpful execution client commands

sudo journalctl -fu execution | ccze

A properly functioning Nethermind execution client will indicate "Received new block". For example,

Nethermind.Runner[2]: 29 Sep 03:00:00 | Received new block:  8372 (0x425ab9...854f4)
Nethermind.Runner[2]: 29 Sep 03:00:00 | Processed                8372     |      0.17 ms  |  slot     13,001 ms |
Nethermind.Runner[2]: 29 Sep 03:00:00 | - Block               0.00 MGas   |      0    txs |  calls      0 (  0) | sload       0 | sstore      0 | create   0
Nethermind.Runner[2]: 29 Sep 03:00:00 | - Block throughput    0.00 MGas/s |      0.00 t/s |       7217.16 Blk/s | recv        0 | proc        0
Nethermind.Runner[2]: 29 Sep 03:00:00 | Received ForkChoice: Head: 8372 (0x425ab9...854f4), Safe: 8350 (0xfd781...c2e19f), Finalized: 8332 (0x9ccf...88684c)
Nethermind.Runner[2]: 29 Sep 03:00:00 | Synced chain Head to 8372 (0x425ab9...2881a5)

Now that your execution client is configured and started, proceed to the next step on setting up your consensus client.

If you're checking the logs and see any warnings or errors, please be patient as these will normally resolve once both your execution and consensus clients are fully synced to the Ethereum network.

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