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Configuring Glasgow Haskell Compiler Runtime System Options

Depending on hardware specifications, in some implementations of Cardano Node configuring runtime system (RTS) options available for the Glasgow Haskell Compiler (GHC) may improve the performance and/or stability.
The RTS offers many options for controlling behaviour. For example, depending on your system specifications and the Cardano Node version, your block-producing node may miss slot leader checks as reported using the gLiveView dashboard due to time spent in garbage collection (GC). Using custom RTS options, you may seek to reduce significantly the number of slot leader checks that your block producer misses due to GC.
Currently, missing more slot leader checks during the transition between epochs is expected behaviour for Cardano Node.
To display the default RTS options for Cardano Node:
  • In a terminal window, type:
cardano-node +RTS --info
In the results, the value of the Flag -with-rtsopts key displays the default RTS options. For example:
-T -I0 -A16m -N2 --disable-delayed-os-memory-return
For details on available RTS options and setting RTS options using the command line, in the GHC User's Guide see the sections RTS Options for SMP Parallelism on page 122 and Running a Compiled Program on page 158.
For example, to produce runtime system statistics for each garbage collection in addition to using default RTS options, include the following RTS option in your cardano-node run command where <FileName> is the name of the file in the current folder where you want to output statistics and <Options> is the list of options that you use when running your node:
/usr/local/bin/cardano-node run +RTS -S<FileName> -RTS <Options>
If you are not satisfied with the performance or stability of an instance of Cardano Node, then subjectively you may notice improvement when adding custom RTS options such as:
+RTS -N -qg -qb -RTS
+RTS -I0.3 -Iw600 -F1.5 -H2500M -RTS
+RTS -M12g -N -RTS
Using similar syntax, you can configure custom RTS options when running the Cardano Command Line Interface (CLI).
To display the default RTS options for Cardano CLI:
  • In a terminal window, type:
cardano-cli +RTS --info
If you identify different RTS options that noticably improve the performance or stability of your Cardano Node instance, then consider contributing the RTS options to Coin Cashew so that other stake pools may also benefit.